Your Guide to Civil Court Proceedings in Virginia

Understanding Civil Court Proceedings in Virginia

Civil court proceedings in Virginia can appear daunting for those unacquainted with the process. However, knowing what to expect can significantly alleviate any apprehensions. The Law Office of B. Patrick Agnew PLLC is committed to imparting knowledge that can ease your journey through the civil lawsuit system.

What is a Civil Lawsuit?

A civil lawsuit is a legal dispute between two or more parties seeking monetary damages or specific performance rather than criminal sanctions. In Virginia, the plaintiff, the person initiating the lawsuit, is entitled to file a lawsuit if they believe they have been wronged (known as a cause of action), and it is the defendant’s responsibility to respond.

The Civil Lawsuit Process

The procedure for a civil lawsuit in Virginia follows structured steps. While this article outlines the fundamental stages, legal representation from an experienced law firm, such as The Law Office of B. Patrick Agnew PLLC, is vital. Now let’s consider the stages involved.

Filing a Complaint

The formal beginning of the lawsuit occurs when the plaintiff files a complaint in a Virginia court. This document contains:

* The reasons motivating the lawsuit

* The cause of action

* Details about the harm done

* The remedy sought, usually monetary damages

The defendant receives a copy (served) and is expected to respond within 21 days by filing an answer.

Discovery Process

Discovery is the part of the process where both sides gather information to construct their cases. The discovery tools may include:

* Interrogatories: Written questions demanding written answers.

* Depositions: Oral questions demanding oral responses under oath.

* Request for Production of Documents: Demand for documents related to the case.

* Request for Admissions: Asking the other party to admit or deny specific facts in writing.

Pre-Trial and Trial

Before a trial, there might be a pre-trial hearing or conference to ensure both parties are ready for trial and to discuss the possibility of a settlement.

If a resolution doesn’t occur, the trial proceeds, either before a judge (bench trial) or a jury. The plaintiff will have the burden of proof. Both sides will present evidence, question witnesses, and argue the application of the law.


The judgment is delivered after the trial. If the judgment is in the plaintiff’s favor, a payment amount will be awarded. Conversely, the defendant is not obligated to pay if the judgment goes against the plaintiff.

Right of Appeal

Virginia law gives both parties the right to appeal a civil court decision.

Navigating Civil Court Proceedings with The Law Office of B. Patrick Agnew PLLC

While the fundamental process may seem straightforward, it can become complicated due to the variables involved in each case. Engaging an attorney who understands the complexities of Virginia’s civil court proceedings, such as B. Patrick Agnew, could significantly increase your chances of a successful outcome.

At The Law Office of B. Patrick Agnew PLLC, we maintain a sterling reputation for representing and protecting the interests of our clients. Mr. Agnew personally oversees each case, ensuring every client receives personalized and strategic counsel.

For more concrete legal advice and explanations about civil law proceedings, Virginia Free Legal Answers provides an excellent resource.


Engaging in a civil court proceeding in Virginia can be a challenging experience without the help of a capable and dedicated attorney. Your best defense or prosecution is the knowledge and experience of an attorney who is familiar with Virginia’s judicial landscape.

The Law Office of B. Patrick Agnew PLLC dedicates itself to serve clients with unwavering commitment, coupled with strategic counsel for Virginia residents navigating civil legal issues. Navigate the civil court proceedings in Virginia with confidence, knowing you have a reliable legal partner by your side.

Table of Contents

54 reviews on
Patrick McBride
Patrick McBride
July 21, 2023
I was recommended to Patrick by another lawyer, it was the best recommendation I have ever had. I was getting the run around by the workers comp insurance company for months. With in a week of retaining Patrick that changed immediately. He got answers and results that seemed impossible for me to. When you are dealing with Patrick it doesn’t take long to figure out he really does care about your wellbeing and getting you taken care of. You are not just a number to him. He always answers or calls you back, I called him several times late on a Friday left a message to call me Monday not Patrick he called me late Friday. You want find that anywhere. He is always there to answer any questions or concerns you have and happy to do so.He also has a great support staff Jennifer was always so pleasant and helpful. She stayed on top of weekly requirements and anything else I needed help with. Patrick went up against some tough opposition and worked relentlessly to get me a fair settlement. I came to Patrick at my wits end and in the end I feel like things could not have gone any better. Thank you Patrick and Jennifer for all you have done. If you need workers comp help you will not find any better.
Joyce Brooks
Joyce Brooks
June 23, 2023
I will personally recommend anybody to contact this law firm to work with you on any case that’s dealing with and your job. They are so understanding about what you going through and they check on you making sure you are doing well with your Sickness. When I say they take it personally o boy , they will even call on a Sunday. So I tell anyone call this law firm so they can handle all of your Workmancomp cases. I’m so truly satisfied and I really appreciate the law firm of Patrick Agnew. Thanks again guys y’all are the best!!
Brian Webster
Brian Webster
June 19, 2023
Great people doing great work here! Everyone in the office is friendly and professional. They're very good at their jobs and worked hard for me. I couldn't be happier with the service I received.
Steven Taylor
Steven Taylor
April 20, 2023
I couldn’t be any more pleased with my service from Patrick and his team. From start to finish they stuck through and made sure I was always taken care of. I would definitely recommend their legal services.
Ethan Long
Ethan Long
November 21, 2022
Mr Agnew and his team are very professional and very fast on addressing any issues that you may encounter. Would definitely recommend to anyone!
Wendy Pauley
Wendy Pauley
November 18, 2022
The warmth, care and concern of both Mr. Agnew and Jennifer put me at ease, and I knew my case was in good hands. Ongoing communication with Jennifer was excellent, timely, professional; and her work was thorough and detailed. I highly recommend this practice..... they go above and beyond for you!
David Thornton
David Thornton
October 31, 2022
I tried 3 times on my own to get the disability benefits that I deserved and was denied almost immediately each time. I was about to lose my home and fell into major depression and diagnosed having generalized anxiety disorder due to stress. I told myself to try 1 more time. I asked my attorney, who does not specialize in disability cases, who should I contact. He immediately told me to contact B. Patrick Agnew. The firm agreed to take my case. Their paralegal Jennifer Martin was a God send to me. It only took the firm 4 months to help get my benefits approved. If anyone needs a disability attorney, look no further. Make a call and you will not regret it!!!!!

Helpful Resources

Personal Injury

Virginia Accident and Injury Laws

Virginia Personal Injury Law